What is Phlebitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Phlebitis fle-BYE-tis means inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is due to one or more blood clots in a vein that cause inflammation. Thrombophlebitis usually occurs in leg veins, but it may occur in an arm, Probe Thrombophlebitis. The thrombus in the vein causes pain and irritation and may block blood flow in the veins.
Phlebitis can Probe Thrombophlebitis in both the surface superficial or deep veins. Injury to a vein increases the risk of forming a blood clot. Sometimes clots occur Probe Thrombophlebitis an injury. Some risk factors for thrombophlebitis include the following:, Probe Thrombophlebitis. There is usually a slow onset of a tender red area along the superficial veins on the skin. A long, thin red area may be Probe Thrombophlebitis as the inflammation follows a superficial vein.
This area may feel hard, Probe Thrombophlebitis, warm, and tender. The skin around the vein may be itchy and swollen. The area may begin to throb or burn. Probe Thrombophlebitis may be worse when the leg is lowered, especially when first getting out of bed in the morning. A low-grade fever may occur. Sometimes phlebitis may occur where a peripheral intravenous line was started, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
The surrounding area may be sore and tender along the vein. If an infection is present, symptoms may include redness, fever, pain, Probe Thrombophlebitis, swelling, or breakdown of the skin. This can be similar in presentation to superficial phlebitis, but some people may have no symptoms.
One may have pain and swelling throughout the entire limb. For example, the lower leg may swell for no apparent reason.
Some people also get fever from a superimposed bacterial infection and skin discoloration or ulcers if the condition becomes chronic Probe Thrombophlebitis was inadequately treated earlier.
Probe Thrombophlebitis your health care provider if you have signs and symptoms of swelling, pain, and inflamed superficial veins on the arms or legs.
If you are not better in a week or two or if it gets any worse, get reevaluated to make sure you don't have a more serious condition. Deep vein thrombophlebitis requires immediate medical care. If you have any of these signs and symptoms, go to a hospital emergency department for evaluation:, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
Your health care provider will examine you and ask questions about your symptoms. D-dimer is a blood test that measures a substance that is released as a blood clot dissolves.
If this blood test is negative, and you have no risk factors, Probe Thrombophlebitis, then it is unlikely that you have a blood clot. Ultrasound can detect clots or blockage of blood flow, especially in larger, more proximal upper leg veins. A small hand-held instrument probe is Probe Thrombophlebitis against your skin to help identify blood clots and where the obstruction is.
This is a painless, noninvasive test. Occasionally a venogram is needed to identify blood clots in the smaller, more distal veins. This is an invasive procedure that requires injecting X-ray dye or contrast material into a vein on the foot, then an X-ray is taken of the flow of the dye up the leg. Branolind n Perubalsam trophischen Geschwüren Bewertungen anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofencan help lessen the pain and inflammation of superficial phlebitis.
But check with your doctor first. If you increase your walking, you increase blood flow. This helps prevent blood Verletzung von Uterusdurchblutung während der Schwangerschaft Ursachen from developing.
Prescription leg compression stockings knee or thigh high improve your blood flow and may help to relieve your pain and swelling. Avoid bed rest for prolonged periods. It die geheilt Varizen Anfangsstadium make your symptoms worse.
If you have deep vein thrombophlebitis, you may need to stay in the hospital for a few days for diagnosis and treatment to ensure that no complications occur.
If your evaluation shows superficial phlebitis and you are otherwise healthy, you can likely go home. You will need to use compression stockings and probably anti-inflammatory medications to control your symptoms. Only a few cases require antibiotics. If you have a history of deep vein thrombophlebitis, or if the phlebitis might possibly spread to the deep veins, you will need to take a blood thinner anticoagulant.
The duration of anticoagulant treatment is usually between months. If the superficial phlebitis has progressed to involve the deep veins, then it is a serious condition that may even require hospital admission for treatment and further evaluation. Phlebitis in the superficial veins is rarely serious and usually responds to pain control, elevation, Probe Thrombophlebitis, and warm compresses for weeks.
A to Z Guides Reference. Superficial Probe Thrombophlebitis affects veins on the skin surface. The condition is rarely serious and, Probe Thrombophlebitis, with proper care, usually resolves rapidly. Sometimes people with superficial phlebitis also get deep vein thrombophlebitis, so a medical evaluation is necessary.
Deep vein thrombophlebitis Probe Thrombophlebitis the larger blood vessels, usually deep in Probe Thrombophlebitis legs, Probe Thrombophlebitis. Large blood clots can form, which may break off and travel to the lungs. This is a serious condition called pulmonary embolism.
Phlebitis Causes Superficial phlebitis can be a complication due to a medical or surgical procedure. Some risk factors for thrombophlebitis include the following: Prolonged inactivity - Staying in bed or sitting for many hours, as in a car or on an airplane, Probe Thrombophlebitis, creating stagnant or slow flow of blood from the legs in a dependent position This pooling of blood in the legs leads to thrombus formation. Sedentary lifestyle - Not getting any exercise Obesity Smoking cigarettes Certain medical conditions, such as cancer or blood disordersthat increase the clotting potential of the blood Injury to your arms or legs Hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills Pregnancy Varicose veins Phlebitis Probe Thrombophlebitis Superficial phlebitis There Probe Thrombophlebitis usually a slow onset of a tender red area along the superficial veins on the skin.
Continued If an infection is present, symptoms may include redness, fever, pain, swelling, or breakdown of the skin. Deep vein phlebitis This can be similar in presentation to superficial phlebitis, but some people may have no symptoms. When to Seek Medical Care Call your health care provider if you have signs and symptoms of swelling, pain, and inflamed superficial veins on the arms or legs, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
If you have any of these signs and symptoms, go to a hospital emergency department for evaluation: High fever with any Probe Thrombophlebitis in an arm or leg Lumps in a leg Severe pain and swelling in an arm or leg New, unexplained significant shortness of breath, which could be the first tip-off that a blood clot has already traveled to your lung ; call if you are having trouble Probe Thrombophlebitis. Exams and Tests Your health care provider will examine you and ask questions about your symptoms.
Continued Phlebitis Treatment Self-Care at Home An anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofenProbe Thrombophlebitis, can help lessen the pain and inflammation of superficial phlebitis. Medical Treatment If your evaluation shows superficial phlebitis and you are otherwise healthy, you can likely go home. If you have signs of infection, Probe Thrombophlebitis, you will need to take an antibiotic. Next Steps Outlook Probe Thrombophlebitis in the superficial veins is rarely serious and usually responds to pain control, elevation, and warm compresses for weeks.
Multimedia Media file 1: Superficial and deep vein systems in the leg. Synonyms and Keywords phlebitis, blood clot in the arm, blood clot in the leg, deep venous thrombophlebitis, thrombophlebitis, superficial vein thrombophlebitis, superficial phlebitis, thrombus, inflammation of a vein, deep vein thrombophlebitis.
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An echocardiogram also called echo, Probe Thrombophlebitis, transthoracic echocardiogram or TTE, exercise or stress echocardiogram, dobutamine stress echocardiogram or DSE, or transesophageal echocardiogram or TEE is a noninvasive the skin is not pierced procedure used to assess the heart's function and structures.
A transducer like a microphone sends out ultrasonic sound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. When the transducer is placed on your chest at certain locations and angles, the ultrasonic sound waves move through the skin and other body tissues to the heart tissues, where the waves echo off of the heart structures.
The transducer picks up the reflected waves and sends them to a computer, Probe Thrombophlebitis. The computer interprets the echoes into images of the heart walls and valves.
An echocardiogram can utilize one or more of four special types of echocardiography:. There are several diseases of the heart that may be detected by echocardiography, including the following:. An echocardiogram may be done to further evaluate signs or Probe Thrombophlebitis of these conditions, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
A basic echocardiogram may be done in the physician's office, Probe Thrombophlebitis, a clinic, or in the hospital. For the procedure, you will remove your clothing from the waist up.
Privacy will be ensured by using drapes across the chest and limiting access into the procedure room during the test. You will lie on your left side on a table or bed, but may be asked to change position during the procedure. EKG leads may be attached to your chest, so that the echo images can be compared to the EKG tracing during and after the procedure. The echocardiography technician will apply warmed gel to your chest.
The technician will move the transducer around on your chest so that all areas and structures of your heart can be observed. During the test, Probe Thrombophlebitis, the different echo techniques described above M-mode, 2-D, Doppler, and color Doppler may be used, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
You will not be aware of the different techniques except that during the Doppler or color Doppler, you may hear a "whoosh-whoosh" sound. This whooshing sound is your blood moving through the heart. Once all the images have been taken, the technician will wipe the gel from your chest, remove the EKG electrode pads, and assist you to dress, if necessary, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
Once the procedure has been completed, you will be able to leave and return to your previous activities, unless your physician instructs you differently. The procedure usually takes about minutes to perform. However, factors such as Probe Thrombophlebitis delays, emergencies, and other factors may delay the start of your procedure or prolong the length of it. There are other types of echo procedures. These procedures are described below. Once the target heart rate has been reached, you will continue to exercise for a minute or so more.
Then you will lie down on the table or bed and the echo procedure will be repeated, Probe Thrombophlebitis. The physician will compare the resting echo with the one done immediately after exercise. The procedure usually takes about 45 minutes to an hour to perform. Some reasons for having an exercise echocardiography include, but are not limited, the following:. If any of the above reasons, Probe Thrombophlebitis, or other reasons, are present which prevent a patient from exercising on a treadmill or Bypass-Operationen der unteren Extremitäten, Krampfadern, it is possible to mimic exercise by injecting an intravenous IV medication called dobutamine.
Dobutamine causes the heart to beat faster and stronger as it does during exercise. The preparation for the DSE procedure is similar to that of the basic echo described above. In addition, Probe Thrombophlebitis, an IV line will be started in your hand or arm, and a blood pressure cuff will be placed on your arm, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
You may be asked not to take certain medications before the procedure, Probe Thrombophlebitis. A baseline assessment of your heart rate and blood pressure will be done. The dobutamine infusion will begin at a rate determined by your weight.
The rate of the infusion will be increased every three minutes until you have reached your target heart rate determined by the physician based on your age and physical condition or until the maximum dose of dobutamine Probe Thrombophlebitis been reached. After the dobutamine is started and after each increase in the dobutamine rate, your blood pressure will be checked, an EKG tracing will be made, and echo images will be obtained. Once your have reached Probe Thrombophlebitis target heart rate or the maximum amount of the dobutamine, the medication will be stopped.
Your heart rate, blood pressure, EKG, and echo will continue to trophischen Geschwüren des Unterschenkels, dass es monitored for minutes Probe Thrombophlebitis they have returned to the baseline state, or close to it.
Once all the images have been taken, the technician will wipe the gel from your chest, Probe Thrombophlebitis, remove the EKG electrode pads, take out the IV line, and assist you to dress, if necessary. TEE may also be used during surgery to assess the Probe Thrombophlebitis status of patients with known cardiac disease who are undergoing noncardiac procedures, and during heart surgery to evaluate the effects of surgical intervention to the heart, such as bypass surgery or valve repair or replacement.
You will undress from the waist up, and EKG pads will be attached to your chest. You will be given a gown to wear. You will lie on a table or bed for the procedure. An intravenous IV line is placed Probe Thrombophlebitis your hand or arm, so that sedative medication can be given. Untere Extremität Varix Behandlung in einem frühen Stadium are given to help you relax, but you will remain awake enough to assist in the procedure by swallowing as the TEE probe is Probe Thrombophlebitis down your throat.
A numbing medication will be sprayed in the back of your throat to make passage of the TEE probe more comfortable. If you have an artificial heart valve, certain congenital conditions, or a history of endocarditis infection of heart valvesyou may be given a dose of IV antibiotics an hour or so prior to the procedure.
The echo images are obtained from various angles, as the physician can position the TEE probe remotely. Once all the necessary images have been obtained, the TEE probe will be removed from your throat. You will continue to be monitored in a recovery area until your gag reflex returns and you Probe Thrombophlebitis swallow adequately enough to take fluids without choking and until you are alert enough to leave.
Your heart rate, EKG, Probe Thrombophlebitis, blood pressure, and breathing rate will be monitored. Your oxygen level may also be monitored by a probe placed on the tip of a finger or Probe Thrombophlebitis lobe.
You will need to make arrangements for Probe Thrombophlebitis to drive you home after the procedure, Probe Thrombophlebitis, as you will not be allowed to drive after having IV sedation.
A TEE usually Probe Thrombophlebitis about 2 hours to perform. However, Probe Thrombophlebitis, the length of the procedure can be affected by factors such as schedule delays, emergencies, and other factors which may delay the start of your procedure or prolong the length of it, Probe Thrombophlebitis.
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It is reasonable to seek medical care if there is swelling or pain in an extremity. This is especially true if there are risk factors for deep vein thrombophlebitis.
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It is reasonable to seek medical care if there is swelling or pain in an extremity. This is especially true if there are risk factors for deep vein thrombophlebitis.
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Phlebitis Overview. Phlebitis (fle-BYE-tis) means inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is due to one or more blood clots in a vein that cause inflammation.